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inDeauville, understanding seaside architecture

Originally, sea bathing was only taken under a medical prescription. It was only from the beginning of the XNUMXth century with the creation of specialized establishments, in England and then in France, that they became fashionable. It will nevertheless be necessary to wait half of the century and the rise of the railroad for the craze to take hold. With developers scenting for a good deal, seaside resorts emerge in a few years, either built from scratch or established from existing cities.

Bather sitting on the sand in the waterGilbert Hamel Collection
Immerse yourself in seawater once a day, but never more than 10 minutes!

Family or social, the seaside resorts include all the amenities intended for vacationers:
- A bathing establishment to enjoy the benefits of sea water
- A dike or promenade along the beach to observe and show off
- A casino for entertainment
- Large hotels and villas for accommodation and hospitality

The inDeauville seaside resorts?

Villers-sur-Mer at the beginning of the 1856th century brought together several hamlets. The city turned into a full-fledged seaside resort from XNUMX.
Originally, Deauville was a small village on the Coteau which then dominates the marshes below. In 1859, a crazy gamble led to draining the marsh to build an ideal seaside resort.
Until the middle of the 1862th century, Bénerville-sur-Mer, Blonville-sur-Mer, Tourgéville and Villerville were essentially rural villages, living off breeding, agriculture and fishing. The expansion and intensive urbanization of the "seaside revolution", added to the opening of a coastal road in XNUMX between Honfleur and Cabourg, gave birth to these neighboring resorts to accommodate vacationers looking for a place to rest and of contact with nature.

Young woman at the wheel, Deauville, August 1932, Fonds SéebergerBnF
Beach-of-Villers-and-villa-Les-Flots-en-1900

A valued and protected creativity

Anxious to preserve the exceptional heritage quality of their city and anxious to preserve it, Deauville and Villers-sur-Mer drew up in the early 2000s regulations for the protection and enhancement of their built and natural heritage. They support and guide renovation, modification or construction projects in order to safeguard the old habitat and open our eyes to quality new construction, in harmony with the spirit of the place. In Deauville, this concerns 555 buildings, including nearly 300 villas dating from the end of the 650th century and the beginning of the 340th century. In Villers-sur-Mer, XNUMX buildings have been listed, including XNUMX dating from the end of the XNUMXth and beginning of the XNUMXth century.

Delphine Barré Lerouxel

Bibliography

- "At the Apogee of the Villa: Côte fleurie" Plum, Gilles, 1870-1920, Cabourg éditions Cahiers du temps
- "Deauville, a resort town on the Côte Fleurie", Hébert, Didier, Images du patrimoine, Cahiers du temps editions
- "Deauville", Pessis Jacques, 2005, Chronique editions - Dargaud
- "Finials, Cabourg-Deauville", Cahiers du temps Cabourg editions
- "The astonishing history of Villerville, from its origins to 1945", Chegaray Jacques, 1992, editions Normandie inconnue
- "Let yourself be told by the community of communes Coeur Côte Fleurie", Evain Florence, Towns and Countries of Art and History, Le Pays d'Auge
- "Strolling stroll, discovering the heritage of Blonville-sur-Mer", Sochon Serge, Éditions d'Héligoland
- "Blonville-sur-Mer", Sochon Serge, Les éditions d'Héliogoland
- "Trouville, Deauville and Côte Fleurie, Seaside Villas of the Second Empire", Cahiers du temps editions
- "100 keys to understanding Deauville and Trouville", editions des falaises
- "The beauties of the coast", the Notebooks of the Association for the Preservation of the Heritage of Bénerville-sur-Mer

Some of these books are on sale in Tourist information offices inDeauville.