9 architectural details

© Patrice Le Bris

Materials to draw

The architecture of Deauville uses polychrome bricks in all architectural styles characterizing the history of Deauville. This decor is developed on facades, highlighting the outline of bays and the details of roof projections. Limestone is frequently used on the decor of villas and buildings. It is often associated by architects with other materials providing interesting combinations.

© DR

Roofs to give rhythm

Roofs are obtained socketing several roof pitches and other forms. Roof projections are significant and finely crafted. They are embellished with several accessories: finials, crests and roof boards.

© Delphine Barré

Finials to decorate

The oriental tradition of decorative finials, made in glazed terracotta, started to spread in the Pays d’Auge in the XV century. Finials progressively became a sort of personalized jewel adorning villas and manor houses. They come in three large design categories: animals (cocks, cats, frogs…), plants and allegories (imaginary figures, dragons, fairies…). Some of these finials, made of 6 different pieces, reach 1.60 m in size. The craft pottery in Mesnil de Bavent, situated about thirty kilometers from Deauville, maintained this tradition since the beginning of the XX century.

© DR

Bow-windows to look outside

Bow-windows, architectural elements of British origin, were adopted in the middle of the 19th century and are a typical feature of this seaside resort. Bow-windows, often made in wood, ensure a panoramic view on the garden or on the sea.

© DR

Balconies to carve

Finely carved balconies are integral part of the creative universe of seaside architecture. Wooden or metal external joineries contribute to the harmonization of the façade. These joineries are painted with the main colours of the villa.

© Delphine Barré

Colours to give harmony

Architects decided to stop using wood as a building element and started using it as a decor material, giving rhythm and beauty to the façades. Half-timbering is usually monochrome, the most used colour recently being the “Normandy” green. On the contrary, roof projections and the underside of bow windows are generally painted with strong colours such as red.

© DR

The visual impact of half-timbering

White colour is ominipresent in Deauville architecture, emphasized by the visual impact of brown, associated to the grey of slates and all the range of the warm colours of bricks and tiles.

© Delphine Barré

Pines used as sunshades

Planted gardens and green areas give to the streets of Deauville an intimate atmosphere. Pines, planted on private gardens and extending to public areas, filter the light and create lighting effects on the façades of villas, providing a particular atmosphere to the city. Large resinous trees are integral part of the landscape heritage of the city. Some decorated gardens, masterpieces of architects and landscapers, are protected.

© DR

Fences to look inside

In the central section, fences ensure a visual transparence between public and private areas. They are composed of round-topped walls surmounted by balusters, screen walls or painted wood, metal or forged iron clerestory structures. A large opening is obtained, complying with the architectural habits of the time in which the city was founded, to adorn the façade of villas.