A REMARKABLE GARDEN

The Parc des Enclos Calouste Gulbenkian, open from May to half October, is situated some minutes away from the centre of Deauville, in the municipality of Bénerville-sur-Mer. Is hosts rare plants and joins different atmospheres favouring meditation, as its creator wanted.

 

A remarkable unknown garden

The Domaine des Enclos is a 33-ha extraordinary park acquired in 1937 by Calouste Gulbenkian (1869-1955), business man and aesthete at the same time, one of the greatest art collectors of the XX century. This Armenian born in Turkey with British nationality living in France made a fortune negotiating 5 % of the shares of large petrol companies of the Arabian peninsula

During his trip to Spain in 1928, Calouste Gulbenkian was fascinated by the visit of the Retiro gardens situated close to Malaga. At the end of this visit, he wrote in his personal diary: "Man of science and dreamer, they are two great objectives of my life I couldn’t achieve”. Anyway, nine years later, during one of his trips to Deauville, he acquired the Domaine des Enclos in Benerville, bordering Deauville. It was at that time an hotel surrounded by a large park. He wanted to create here the garden he was dreaming about and entrusted his project to Achille Duchêne. Calouste Gulbenkian passed away in 1955, when he was 86. The Enclos park started to be managed by the Gulbenkian Foundation, which decided to donate it to the City of Deauville in July 1973.

- See more at: http://deauvillev4.preprod.faire-savoir.com/le-parc-calouste-gulbenkian#sthash.lQw1otWu.dpuf
© Sandrine Boyer Engel
© Sandrine Boyer Engel
© Caroline Rose

The “Domaine des Enclos” was acquired in 1937 by Calouste Gulbenkian, business man and aesthete at the same time. During his trip to Spain in 1928, Calouste Gulbenkian was fascinated by the visit of the Retiro gardens situated close to Malaga. At the end of this visit, he wrote in his personal diary: "Man of science and dreamer, they are two great objectives of my life I couldn’t achieve”. Anyway, nine years later, during one of his trips to Deauville, he acquired the Domaine des Enclos. It was at that time an hotel surrounded by a large park. He wanted to create here the garden he was dreaming of and entrusted his project to Achille Duchêne. He mixed French classic-style gardens with geometrically disposed flower beds, the most irregular design of English gardens and Italian-style gardens with shaped yews and balustrades. For Calouste Gulbenkian, very busy businessman, the park was relaxing. During his stay in Deauville, he booked a room at the Hôtel Royal and went every day to the Enclos. There, he walks around or sits on a chair to contemplate old trees, breath the smell of bushes and flower beds and listen to birds singing. When he died in 1955, the Park was managed by the Fondation Gulbenkian, which donated it to Deauville in 1973.

© Caroline Rose

inDeauville visits and strolls in the nature

Agenda

"My desire is creating great harmony, excluding all small size objects, too common in style gardens (…) preserving its romantic soul and emphasizing it, decorating it without exaggerating…"  

Calouste Gulbenkian , Letter to Achille Duchêne, spring 1938

 

See the biography

High section: on the upper plateau, it associates a collection of conifers to a vast meadow, both crowning the park.

Central section: it includes an extraordinary avenue, extending from the main entrance, bounded by shaped boxwood hedges and yews…It leads to a large hilly clearing extending on a gentle slope. At the entrance of the park, an avenue, the great scenario, an embankment with stairs at the end, leads to a horseshoe-shape clearing, replacing the old master house. A bit further, there’s the small scenario, an embankment bordered by a wall decorated by balustrades, was built with stones and handrails after the demolition of the old house of the master. Several balconies rise up the slope: a rose garden (with geometrical flower-beds and a basin), an orchard (apple trees and pear trees surrounded by shaped boxwood trees) dominated by a small building with a garden where a permanent exhibition tells the history of the park and its facilities, since 2010. The garden alone offers different atmospheres, in line with the needs for meditation and calm of its designer. It merges the classical style of French gardens with geometrically-disposed flower-beds, the more natural organization of English gardens and also the Italian style with conically sharpened yews and its balustrades. This park, organized in different levels and including stairs and balustrades, is perfectly suitable to host concerts or reading events.

Low section: this area, inaccessible to visitors, includes a farmhouse and its outbuildings, grasslands and many hutches and bird-cages.

Discover plants and the park map here.

 

 

The Calouste Gulbenkian Park All practical information here