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5 major architectural styles

The seaside architecture is inventive and constantly renews itself according to the dreams of each owner. The styles come together, mix, while adapting to changes, to the lifestyle of seaside tourism. Five major movements are nonetheless identifiable.

The Second Empire current: bricks and working with materials

These are the oldest and most sober buildings, often in monochrome or polychrome bricks. Very elaborate relief ornaments enliven the facades: cut stones, niches, pilasters or busts. The effects are created by the types of roofing (additional roofs, ridges, penetrations, gables, etc.) and the materials used (natural or glazed terracotta, limestone and brick, colored earthenware, plaster and hexagonal rubble, etc.).

Villa Le Cercle, Deauville
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Hotel les deux villas, Trouville-sur-MerPhoto Etienne Chognard

Historicism and Eclecticism: Historical knowledge

The builders of the XNUMXth century had a passion for history and the desire to enhance it, sometimes mixing eras and architectural styles. Say "historicists" when they are of a single old style, these villas become "eclectic" when they are a clever mix of influences, borrowed from classical, Italian, Flemish, medieval, renaissance styles ...

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Villa Madrené, Blonville-sur-MerPhoto Etienne Chognard
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Villa Mors, Tourgéville Photo Delphine Barré

Norman style: Wood panels, checkerboards and colors

The Norman style is essential on the territory inDeauville. It integrates several centuries of rural constructions of the Pays d'Auge: half-timbered, checkerboard brickwork, use of painted wood and subtle interplay of roofs ... From the 1920s, the regionalist faux wood panel and "normandization" follow the wood decor. The facades are clad in false bricks, stones or half-timbered fittings simulated in a concrete plaster with painting of the extra thicknesses. To the motifs, which were simple at first, were later added oblique or more decorative shapes.

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La Villa Strassburger, DeauvillePhoto Jean François Lange

Why red roofs?

In the past, roofing was treated with beef blood, which would have sanitizing properties and kept certain insects away. The color remained for some homes for aesthetic and heritage reasons.

 

The Chalet: Finely chiseled wooden balconies and large openings

The use of the term "chalet" appears from the creation of seaside resorts. These architectural references draw their origin from a hygienist movement of the mid-nineteenth century (set of political and social theories whose principle is to design architecture and town planning by applying the rules of preservation of hygiene). The importance of nature, clean air, the sea or the forest, then establish a new relationship to the living environment, in harmony with the surrounding elements, and to the organization of the house around large openings to enjoy both the inside and the outside: deployment of balconies, loggias, old wooden porches ...

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Villa Quatre vents, Villers-sur-MerDelphine Barré
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Villa Les Foulans, Villers-sur-MerPhoto Etienne Chognard
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Villers-sur-Mer, the showroom for Universal Exhibitions

Universal exhibitions are the object of discoveries and experiments, where builders present prefabricated buildings that can be dismantled in timber. Certain models are then sold and assembled in the regions in order to present their know-how. Four pavilions were reassembled in Villers-sur-Mer: the Chalet Haret or Villa Miramar, a pavilion of the Haret joinery from the Universal Exhibition of 1867, and three chalets of the Universal Exhibition of 1878, the chalet Koechlin, formerly pavilion of Alsace, Villa Madagascar or Les Foulans and the Chalet des Oiseaux, former Austrian pavilion.

 

Art Nouveau and Art Deco: raw concrete, curves and mosaics

At the start of the XNUMXth century, architects did not like right angles and managed to round off angles. The Art Nouveau and Art Deco currents will then come up against the Anglo-Norman register. These styles find on the territory inDeauville some masterful achievements with deliberately modern writing which advocates the simplicity of forms and sobriety. Rough concrete is preferred in this type of construction and we often find mosaic, enamelled lava and ceramic on the detail and ornamental elements of the facades.

Enlarge

The Point of View - Deauville

Naiad Plant

Pompeii Baths - Deauville

Sandrine Boyer Engel

Villa d'Eaux - Villers-sur-mer

Etienne Chognard

Pompeii Baths - Deauville

Etienne Chognard

Cinema - Deauville

Sandrine Boyer Engel

Post office - Deauville

Delphine Barré-Lerouxel

Small basin - Deauville

Sandrine Chauvin

Old post - Trouville

Etienne Chognard
Lower

Naiad Plant

Sandrine Boyer Engel

Etienne Chognard

Etienne Chognard

Sandrine Boyer Engel

Delphine Barré-Lerouxel

Sandrine Chauvin

Etienne Chognard